15th August: Independence Day Celebration – History of 15th August
15th August: Independence Day Celebration
Indian Independence Day, which is celebrated religiously throughout the country on August 15 of each year, occupies a tremendous place on the list of national days, as it reminds all Indians of the beginning of a new beginning, the beginning of an era of liberation from the grip of British colonialism for over 200 years.
It was on August 15, 1947, when India was declared independent of British colonialism and the reins of control were handed over to the country’s leaders. The independence of India was a struggle with destiny, since the struggle for freedom was long and exhausting, and witnessed the sacrifices of many freedom fighters, who risked their lives.
History of 15th August:
In 1757, after the British victory at the Battle of Plassey, the government of the East India Company began in India. By 1858 the British Crown had assumed control over India.
The situation after the First World War was marked by repressive laws and exploitation by the British. This led to revolutionary calls for independence and provoked the phase of non-violent movements and non-cooperation followed by the civil disobedience movement.
The permanent leader and a national symbol of all these movements was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the Father of the Nation. The following decades were marked with constant struggles between the Indians and the British for freedom. The Indian National Congress, freedom fighters and the people of India carried out many movements and acts.
In 1946, the Labor government, the treasury of Great Britain, thought of ending its government over India due to its capital depletion after World War II.
The British government announced, in early 1947, that they intended to transfer power to the Indians for the month of June 1948. This upcoming independence could not diminish Hindu-Muslim violence in Bengal and Punjab.
This led Louis Mountbatten, the then viceroy of India to propose the date of delivery of power, due to the fact that the unprepared British army could not cope with the increase in violence in the country.
In the month of June 1947, prominent Indian leaders such as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Abul Kalam Azad, Master Tara Singh and B. R. Ambedkar agreed to a partition of India according to the religious scheme.
Millions of people belonging to different religious groups crossed the newly drawn border to find places to reside. This took around 250,000 to 500,000 lives. Finally, at midnight on August 15, 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru proclaimed the independence of India by reading his famous speech known as “Tryst with destiny.” During this speech, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru said
Many years ago we made an appointment with destiny, and now comes the time when we will redeem our promise, not in its entirety or in its entirety, but in a very substantial way.
At the time of at midnight, when the world sleeps, India will wake up to life and freedom. There comes a time, that comes, but rarely in history, when we go from the old to the new, when an era ends and when the soul of a nation, long-repressed, finds the statement. We end today a period of bad fortune, and India is discovered again.
15 August 2019
India’s Independence Day will be celebrated by people from all over India on August 15, 2018, on Thursday. This year, in 2019, India will celebrate its 73rd Independence Day to pay tribute and remind all freedom fighters who have contributed a lot and fought for the Independence of India.
The first Independence Day was celebrated in India on August 15, 1947.